By referring or linking you to these resources, we do not endorse or guarantee the content or the views of the authors. Scripture James 1:5 In his own testimony, Joseph Smith says he wanted to know which church to join. This remarkable vision is foundational to Latter-day Saint history. Another personage soon appeared, like unto the first. Joseph Smith recorded that God the Father and Jesus Christ appeared to him in a grove of trees near his parents’ home in western New York State when he was about 14 years old. Criticisms related to Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision. . Question: What are the two 1835 First Vision accounts that refer to angels? The "angels" referred to on the 9th are definitely IN ADDITION TO the two main personages who appeared - the text says quite specifically that the angels "also" made an appearance on this occasion. 6 Joseph Smith prepared four accounts of his First Vision, recorded in 1832, 1835, 1838 (now in the Pearl of Great Price), and 1842. Dean C. Jessee, “The Earliest Documented Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision,” in John W. Welch, ed., Opening the Heavens: Accounts of Divine Manifestations, 1820–1844 (Provo, Utah: Brigham Young University Press, 2005), 1–33. Donate to us by shopping at Amazon at no extra cost to you. Roberts that modified the diary entry in. We compared the visions of Solomon Chamberlain and Joseph Smith. In spring 1820, 14-year-old Joseph Smith prayed in faith and was answered by God and Jesus Christ in person. Criticisms related to Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision. Note that the additional detail that there were "many angels" was inserted into the text as a clarification. Notice that the diary entry morphs as it is copied into subsequent records. . It is patently absurd to believe that Joseph Smith would contradict himself in less than one week while telling the same exact story in front of the same exact scribe (Warren Parrish). Joseph Smith published two accounts of the First Vision during his lifetime. 1842 Account In the only handwritten account by Joseph Smith, penned in 1832, but not publicly published until much later, describes the first vision in an unfamiliar way: 1. “Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity,” josephsmithpapers.org. The 14 November 1835 First Vision diary reference is connected with an interview that the Prophet conducted with an investigator named Erastus Holmes. Criticism #1 - Critics note that this word is plainly used in reference to the First Vision and thus assume that Joseph Smith … He said unto me, “Thy sins are forgiven thee.” He testified unto me that Jesus Christ is the son of God. The various accounts of the First Vision tell a consistent story, though naturally they differ in emphasis and detail. The Prophet Joseph Smith had his first vision at the age of fourteen while praying in a grove of trees in western New York (see First Vision). The appearance of the Father and Son are clearly referenced separately from the mention of the "many angels." When members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints refer to Joseph Smith’s First Vision, they are referring to the miraculous encounter Joseph Smith had with God the Father and God the Son. An examination of the adjoining sentences in the 9 November 1835 account (original source document) reveals that within a very short space Warren Parish thrice used the capitalized word “Angel” to refer to Moroni. FairMormon is a non-profit organization dedicated to providing well-documented answers to criticisms of the doctrine, practice, and history of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The Lord spoke face-to-face with Joseph … First Vision Accounts videos, josephsmithpapers.org. We review the 1832, 1825, 1838, and 1842 versions and address the contradictions and official LDS essay. His depiction of the First Vision harmonizes nine historical accounts of the event (four given by Joseph Smith and five recorded by contemporaries). Copyright © 1997-2021 by The Foundation for Apologetic Information and Research, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Since the visit of the Father and Son are acknowledged in the diary entry for the 9th the change from "first visitation of Angels" to "the First Vision" in the History of the Church entry is not a "falsification" of information. A Sincere Question. “In April of 1820, Joseph Smith, a young man from a local farming family experienced a holy vision in a grove near the small village of Palmyra in western New York,” the citation notes. Andrew Cuomo recently issued an executive citation to commemorate the 200th anniversary of Joseph Smith’s First Vision. There is a reason for this, and we will get into that in more detail later, but it has to do with Joseph Smith's evolving theology). Joseph Smith published two accounts of the First Vision during his lifetime. Smith described it as a vision in which he received instruction from … No. The capitalized word "Angels" in Joseph Smith's diary entry for 14 November 1835 has given rise to two distinct criticisms by detractors of the faith, and one misguided conclusion by some Latter-day Saints. 15, Saturday, 29 May 1852). No mention of two beings. Two of Joseph Smith's November 1835 diary entries make reference to the First Vision: a pillar of fire appeared above my head, it presently rested down upon me head, and filled me with Joy unspeakable, a personage appeard in the midst of this pillar of flame which was spread all around, and yet nothing consumed, another personage soon appeard like unto the first, he said unto me thy sins are forgiven thee, he testifyed unto me that Jesus Christ is the Son of God; I was about 14 years old when I received this first communication; When I was about 17 years old I saw another vision of angels in the night season after I had retired to bed.[1]. 278ff.) To the contrary, the rich historical record enables us to learn more about this remarkable event than we could if it were less well documented. Angels – The context is how the First Vision related to Joseph Smith’s subsequent visions, in which angels restored the true priesthood and gave Joseph Smith the gold plates. Sidney Rigdon on Joseph’s First Vision in Tiffany’s Monthly. Joseph Smith tells of his ancestry, family members, and their early abodes—An unusual excitement about religion prevails in western New York—He determines to seek wisdom as directed by James—The Father and the Son appear, and Joseph is called to his prophetic ministry. We are a volunteer organization. (Verses 1–20.) The first of these, known today as Joseph Smith—History, was canonized in the Pearl of Great Price and thus became the best-known account. It includes such elements as angels, the light depicted as fire, and the Father and Son at staggered positions, suggesting that They didn’t appear at the same time. In a vision, the heavenly beings are understood not to have made a literal physical visit to the visionary. Therefore, the capitalized “Angels” of the 14 November 1835 statement - which was also penned by Warren Parish - cannot be exclusively applied to Deity. (Joseph Smith Journal) 14 Years Old – Joseph said he was about 14 years old and referred to the First Vision as a visitation of angels. “He was visited constantly by angels,” Elder George Q. Cannon said of Joseph Smith. Former assistant Church Historian, James B. Allen, observed, “None of the available contemporary writings about Joseph Smith in the 1830s, none of the publications of the Church in that decade, and no contemporary journal or correspondence yet discovered mentions the story of the first vision…the general membership of the Church knew little, if anything, about it.” In 1839, Orson Pratt created a proselytizing pamphlet in Scotland, wh… The First Vision: A Narrative from Joseph Smith’s Accounts. Historians expect that when an individual retells an experience in multiple settings to different audiences over many years, each account will emphasize various aspects of the experience and contain unique details. Cheesman, Paul Robert. Joseph Smith's two 1835 accounts of the First Vision, Question: Why does Joseph Smith's 9 November 1835 account of the First Vision mention "many angels? The exact wording of this version of the First Vision from Smith’s diary was later faithfully published, word for word, in the Church newspaper. < Joseph Smith's First Vision‎ | Accounts‎ | 1835, FairMormon Answers Wiki Table of Contents. Some have mistakenly argued that any variation in the retelling of the story is evidence of fabrication. A depiction of Joseph Smith in the Sacred Grove. . Related Topics: Awakenings and Revivals, Palmyra and Manchester, Sacred Grove and Smith Family Farm, Primary Accounts of Joseph Smith’s First Vision of Deity, Ask of God: Joseph Smith’s First Vision. This is the only account which mentions other personages in the vision other than the Father and Son. Joseph Smith is not contradicting himself but is rather providing an additional detail about the event he is describing. The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines the word falsify as "to make false by mutilation or addition." We invite you to give back. 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